Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Multidimensional Poverty in Senegal

Following the launch of the Child Poverty Study report in Senegal, partnerships with the University Cheik Anta Diop and Maastricht University, were strengthened to generate further studies on multidimensional poverty featured below:

Multidimensional Poverty in Senegal: An Assessment of Deprivation Patterns and Poverty Trends in 2008, Bluhm et al. (2010).
This paper examines static multidimensional poverty in Senegal in 2008 using an axiomatic approach to define a multidimensional poverty index. The four predetermined dimensions for which indicators are available are: education, water/sanitation, shelter, and assets. The resulting poverty headcount is 64.57% of the sampled population. Large regional differences exist in the incidence of poverty, as well as differences between rural and urban areas. Age groups, gender, household size and relative share of children are all found to be household characteristics that describe substantial variations in the poverty headcount.

To access the full paper, click here.

Les Dynamiques de la Pauvreté au Sénégal: Pauvreté Chronique, Pauvreté Transitoire et Vulnerabilities (The Poverty Dynamics in Senegal: Chronic Poverty, Transitory Poverty and Vulnerabilities), Fall et al. (2010).
This paper measures the extent of chronic poverty in Senegal, while simultaneously identifying the profile of the chronically poor. It also analyzes the transmission, exit and retention factors of chronic poverty, and proposes approaches to better account for chronic poverty in social protection and poverty reduction programs. Results indicate that chronic poverty is widely prevalent in Senegal, and beyond the period of youth the opportunities to exit from chronic poverty are limited, and decrease with age. Furthermore, it is largely a rural phenomenon and disproportionately affects people with lack of education, 84%.  The low mobility in poverty is the main cause of its intergenerational transmission, as well as the transfer deficit of resources and opportunities. The study emphasizes the need to promote upward social mobility, through inclusive growth, human capital development, and a focus of youth development.

To access the full paper (French), click here.

Policy Brief on the Dynamics of Poverty in Senegal.
To access in English, click here.
To access in French, click here.